Mint mobile gsm or cdma. This Apple iPhone 12 Mini, 64 GB, Blue - Fully Unlocked will work with any US cell phone service carrier (CDMA and GSM: Verizon, T-Mobile, AT&T, Sprint, Metro PCS, Cricket, Mint, Boost Mobile, Xfinity Mobile). Few, hard to see, blemishes or scratches or light nicks. Pre-loved, but in great shape. Comes without original accessories or packaging.

Is Mint Mobile CDMA or GSM? T-Mobile uses the GSM network, so …

Mint mobile gsm or cdma. Virgin Mobile Samsung Phones. Virgin Mobile also sells a few Samsung devices, most notably the Galaxy S8 and S9. The $599.99 S8 is currently out of stock (not surprising given that price), but the Galaxy S9 is available for $699.99. If you're looking for a less expensive Samsung, Virgin also offers the J7 Refine for slightly over $200.

With H2O, you’ll get a maximum download speed of 8 Mbps when you’re getting 4G LTE service. To put that into perspective: the latest Opensignal report says that AT&T’s network is averaging download speeds of 29.1 Mbps. That’s 363% faster than the maximum speeds that H2O customers will receive!1.

Display 6.8" Edge Quad HD+ display. Camera Rear: 200MP/12MP/10MP; Front: 12MP. OS Android 13. Chip Details Snapdragon® 8 Gen 2 for Galaxy, Octa-Core. SIM Compatibility Dual Nano-SIM / eSIM. GB Size 256GB. Model Samsung Galaxy S23 Ultra. HAC M3/T3. Battery 5,000mAh battery.Please note the device must be unlocked. Unlimited talk, text, and 5GB of 5G • 4G LTE data for $15/month. You read that right. Save big with our 12-month prepaid phone plan! Come on over to the Mint-ier side.

All mobile phones are designed and manufactured by/for Motorola Mobility LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lenovo. Expedited shipping: Some orders with multiple products and with anticipated inventory won't be available for Expedited shipping, if you don't see the option at checkout, your order will be sent with normal ground deliverySuper LTE (Verizon) has that GSM LTE does not: Ability to be in pooled plans, no throttle (GSM LTE has 1mbps throttle after 50GB), slightly more reception in the boonies. Get Opensignal App and pull up your location on map and compare performance - check reception and speeds for T-Mobile and Verizon. If T-Mobile reception is equal or better ...Spectrum Mobile Phones. Spectrum Mobile is an MVNO exclusively available for Charter Spectrum's internet customers. The carrier uses Verizon's top-rated 4G LTE network for service and sells a small range of new and old Android and iPhone devices, with the option to finance them via 24-month installment plans with 0% interest.LG V60 ThinQ 5G Android smartphone. Announced Feb 2020. Features 6.8″ display, Snapdragon 865 5G chipset, 5000 mAh battery, 256 GB storage, 8 GB RAM, MIL-STD-810G compliant, Corning Gorilla Glass 5.Since Simple Mobile runs on T-Mobile's (GSM) network, it's easy to switch to Simple Mobile with a T-Mobile-compatible device. However, if you have a phone made in the last several years, it should be pretty easy to switch from any carrier since most newer phones run on both GSM (T-Mobile and AT&T) and CDMA (Verizon and Sprint) networks.Mint Mobile 5GB. T-Mobile 5G & 4G LTE network. Unlimited talk and text. 5GB data. $15/mo* * Only $45 for 3 Months. See Details. This Mint Mobile 5GB plan includes unlimited calls & texts and 5GB data for only $15 per month. Mint Mobile offers wireless coverage on the T-Mobile 5G and 4G LTE network.Both T-Mobile and AT&T use the GSM network, and therefore sell GSM-compatible phones. However, if you have a phone made in the last couple of years, you probably don't need to worry about which carriers use GSM or CDMA networks since most newer phones work on both networks. If you're interested in learning more about this topic and want to find ...To switch to T-Mobile, go to a T-Mobile store or call 1-800-937-8997, and a support staff can assist you in switching from Sprint to T-Mobile. Tags Is T Mobile GSM or CDMA Carriers Subscribe to Email Updates :LG G3 supports Mint Mobile 2G on GSM 1900 MHz. Mint Mobile 3G APN with LG G3 D855. LG G3 D855 supports Mint Mobile 3G on HSDPA 2100 MHz. It will also support Mint Mobile 3G on HSDPA 1900 MHz only in some areas of United States. Mint Mobile 4G LTE APN with LG G3. Compatibility of LG G3 with Mint Mobile 4G depends on the modal variants D851, D852 ...GSM also covers rural areas more completely than CDMA in the U.S. CDMA networks allow for a greater number of users, meaning their capacity is greater than that of GSM networks. Moreover, CDMA is ...

Red Pocket Mobile is a different kind of wireless company. We offer contract-free mobile phone and internet service on the nation's top networks. Keep your phone, keep your number, and save money with Red Pocket Mobile. Red Pocket Mobile is proud to be an American-owned company helping real people save money, every day. Switch today!Target / Electronics / Cell Phones (6,607) Cell Phone Deals. iPhone. Samsung Galaxy. AT&T Cell Phones With Plans. Unlocked Cell Phones. Prepaid Cell Phones. Consumer Cellular Phones. Google Pixel.CDMA network. If you don't want either GSM network, you can opt into the CDMA network, which gets you coverage from Verizon. ... The $30 Unlimited plan from Mint Mobile costs $10/month less than you'd pay with Red Pocket, and for more data (40GB vs. 25GB). Red Pocket's 25GB data deprioritization threshold is 15GB less than Mint Mobile's ...

Walmart Family Mobile has four plans to choose from. All of these plans come with unlimited talk, text, and unlimited data at 2G speeds. But 2G is kind of like dial-up internet: it’s so slow that it’s basically useless for most tasks.. So the real difference between the plans is the amount of full-speed, 4G LTE data that you can use.

I actually used this website as well. Just input your phone and compare it to entire countries. It works like a charm. Mobile networks and carriers in United States use 2 GSM bands, 3 UMTS bands, 12 LTE bands, and 3 CDMA bands. Find out if your unlocked phone or mobile device will work in United States.

Does Spectrum Mobile use CDMA or GSM? CDMA and GSM are the two technologies used in cell phones and help fill in the gap when 4G is not available. If your phone is only a few years old it's likely to be compatible with both technologies which make it easy to switch carriers. Verizon uses the CDMA network so Spectrum Mobile is …Update on March 17, 2023: On March 16th, T-Mobile announced an agreement to purchase Ka'ena, Mint Mobile's parent company, in a $1,35 billion deal. According to this deal, T-Mobile will become the owner of Mint Mobile, as well as own Ultra Mobile, another Ka'ena service that offers international calling. Ryan Reynolds, the celebrity face of […]Samsung Galaxy S20+ SM-G986U1 supports Verizon, AT&T, and T-Mobile, along with numerous MVNO carriers including Visible, Cricket Wireless, and Mint Mobile. SAMSUNG GALAXY S20+ BUYER’S GUIDE If you are buying a factory unlocked Samsung Galaxy S20+ for use with a US carrier you should look for model number SM-G986U1.Apple iPhone 14 Pro Max 128GB GSM / CDMA Unlocked Phone - Purple new! Apple iPhone 14 Pro Max 128GB GSM / CDMA Unlocked Phone - Purple ... Samsung A03s 6.5" HD+ Bundle with Mint Mobile Plan & 10GB Data Pricing $ 199.99. or 3 payments of $66.66 Rating. 4 5.0 3 (3) Note: Free Shipping.

Network Compatibility. Not all phones support all networks. It's you have to determine which network you use. BLU Cell Phones supports AT&T, Cricket Wireless, Metro PCS, H2O Wireless, Net10, Simple Mobile, T-Mobile, Tracfone Wireless & other GSM networks. The BLU Phones are not compatible with CDMA networks like Verizon Wireless, Sprint, or ...Buy Samsung Galaxy A71 A716U, 5G, US Version, 128GB, 6GB, Prism Cube Black - For T-Mobile Only (Metro, Mint, Ultra): Cell Phones - Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases Xiaomi 12S Ultra Android smartphone. Announced Jul 2022. Features 6.73″ display, Snapdragon 8+ Gen 1 chipset, 4860 mAh battery, 512 GB storage, 12 GB RAM, Corning Gorilla Glass Victus.LG G3 (CDMA) APN settings for Mint Mobile United States; G3 (CDMA) Mint Mobile LTE APN settings; 4G APN; supports LTE; Mint Mobile Internet & MMS APN settings, Mint Mobile MCC-MNC values, LG G3 (CDMA) compatibility with Mint Mobile, Explain LG G3 (CDMA) compatibility with Mint Mobile, LG G3 (CDMA) network specificationsWhat is eSIM? What is dual SIM? What is a SIM card? To understand a SIM card, you must first understand a SIM. SIM stands for Subscriber Identity Module. This is the microchip attached to the plastic …Mint Mobile. Winner: Visible. Mint Mobile and Visible are both prepaid services, but Visible’s parent company is Verizon. This means it technically owns its own towers. Mint Mobile is in talks ...Buy on Amazon. The T-Mobile Gsm Unlocked Sim Card's material feels more premium than its price would suggest. The t-mobile gsm unlocked sim card worked immediately, bought it here and it worked fine. This complete sim kit allows you to choose a plan and connect to t-mobile's nationwide 4g lte network.Cricket Wireless. Cricket Wireless is an AT&T-owned carrier running on the same network. Two Cricket plans offer limited 4G LTE data: One costs $30 a month with 2GB of high-speed data, and the ...Feb 28, 2022 · But you can use your phone’s settings to figure out whether it’s GSM or CDMA. How to check whether your phone is GSM or CDMA using settings: On an iPhone: Go to the Settings app, click on General and then About, and look for an MEID, ESN, or IMEI number near the bottom of the menu. On an Android device: Go to Settings, click on System and ... T-Mobile GSM or CDMA Carriers - Since Sprintz acquired T-Mobile, people have wondered if it still uses GSM technology or has shifted to CDMA. People also have other questions related to the same. ... Mint Mobile: T-Mobile: Red Pocket: AT&T, T-Mobile & Verizon: Republic Wireless: T-Mobile: Simple Mobile: T-Mobile: Straight Talk: T-Mobile, AT&T ...Mobile networks and carriers in United States use 2 GSM bands, 3 UMTS bands, 12 LTE bands, and 3 CDMA bands. Find out if your unlocked phone or mobile device will work in United States. Check Compatibility; Browse Devices. All Devices; By Brand; Browse Carriers. ... Mint Mobile: 8: Sprint: 5: Straight Talk: 16: T-Mobile: 8: Ting (GSM) 5: U.S ...With H2O, you’ll get a maximum download speed of 8 Mbps when you’re getting 4G LTE service. To put that into perspective: the latest Opensignal report says that AT&T’s network is averaging download speeds of 29.1 Mbps. That’s 363% faster than the maximum speeds that H2O customers will receive!1.Mint Mobile allows me to give my dad, mom, and grandma 4GB of data per month for $15 each (trust me, that’s an overkill amount of data for them), while my wife and I can splurge on unlimited data at $30 apiece. Total cost? $105 for a family of five. That saves me a total of $55 per month or $660 per year.Save Big on new & used Mint Mobile Cell Phones & Smartphones from top brands like …700Mhz – LTE Band 12. 2100Mhz – LTE Band 2. Mint runs over T-Mobile’s network, so Mint and T-Mobile subscribers generally use the same frequency bands. 4G LTE Bands Mint Mobile primarily uses LTE bands 2, 4, 12, and 71. While bands 2 and 4 are essential, bands 12 and 71 are beneficial but not required. Support for LTE band 66 can allow ...Samsung A13 5G. 5G Capability Yes. Display 6.5" HD+ display. Camera Rear: 50MP; Front: 5MP. OS Android 11. Chip Details Mediatek Dimensity 700, Octa-Core 2.2GHz + 2.0GHz. SIM Compatibility Single SIM (Nano-SIM) or Dual SIM (Nano-SIM) GB Size 64GB storage plus MicroSD card support up to 1TB. Model Samsung Galaxy A13 5G.Ultra Mobile offers customers the choice to bring their own unlocked compatible device. In order for your device to work with Ultra Mobile, you'll need an unlocked GSM phone that supports one or more of the following frequencies: 1700/2100 MHz (3G / 4G or LTE depending on location) 1900 MHz (2G or 3G / 4G depending on location) 850 MHz (2G ...

Network compatibility of Motorola Moto G Stylus with most mobile providers in United States such as AT&T, Boost Mobile, Cricket Wireless, FreedomPop, Google Project Fi, H2O Wireless, Lycamobile, Sprint, T-Mobile, Ting (GSM), U.S. Cellular, Verizon Wireless, MetroPCS, Mint Mobile, Straight Talk.Let us help you find the best unlocked mobile phone for your needs that you can bring from carrier to carrier. ... Mint Mobile. AT&T. Verizon. Cricket. MetroPCS. Boost Mobile. Show More; Condition. New. Pre-Owned ... $1250 - $1499.99. $1500 - $1999.99. Wireless Capability. 5G. 4G LTE. GSM. 4G. CDMA. 2G. 3G. LTE. Show More; Internal Storage ...CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access, or CDMA, is the type of phone technology Verizon Wireless and Sprint use on their wireless networks. ... MVNOs, like Mint Mobile or Visible, offer unlocked GSM phones with cheap plans, often with interest-free payments over 12-24 months.Device compatibility For the best experience on Mint, we'd recommend that you take our quick phone compatibility check. The easy way to make sure your phone is GSM and VoLTE friendly before you come join us. Learn more about device compatibility Enter your ZIP Code to get started ZIP Code Let's Go Bring your phone numberApple iPhone 7 is compatible with Mint Mobile GSM, Mint Mobile HSDPA and Mint Mobile LTE. To configure Mint Mobile APN settings with Apple iPhone 7 follow below steps. Mint Mobile Internet & MMS APN settings. ... GSM / CDMA / HSPA / EVDO / LTE: Speed : HSPA 42.2/5.76 Mbps, LTE-A (3CA) Cat9 450/50 Mbps, EV-DO Rev.A 3.1 Mbps:Mint Mobile offers mobile hotspot access with all eSIM plans. The unlimited plan has a 10GB hotspot data limit and requires a minimum commitment of 3 months. If it's not right for you, they offer a 7-day money-back guarantee. While their rates undercut T-Mobile's prices, the longer commitment offers more savings. After the initial 3 months, you ...Is Mint Mobile GSM or CDMA? Mint Mobile is an MVNO or mobile virtual network operator. This wireless service provider uses another company's infrastructure to provide service instead of running its own. For example, mint Mobile uses T-Mobile's network for its service. Meaning it operates using GSM and does not support CDMA.

GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900 : CDMA 800 / 1900 : 3G bands: HSDPA 850 / 900 / 1700(AWS) / 1900 / 2100 : CDMA2000 1xEV-DO : 4G bands: ... My experience with Samsung foldable Mobile is very bad. The ...For the best experience on Mint, we’d recommend that you take our quick phone compatibility check. The easy way to make sure your phone is GSM and VoLTE friendly before you come join us. Learn more about device …T-Mobile AT&T Simple Mobile CTExcel LycaMobile Straight Talk Verizon Metro Mint Mobile Cricket More... ZTE nubia Red Magic 8 Pro APN settings & network compatibility in United States Dec 9, 2022 , Updated: Sep 1, 2023 ZTE nubia Red Magic 8 ProIs Mint Mobile GSM or CDMA? Mint Mobile works on the GSM network. How good is Mint Mobile? They offer good value for money, especially if you like a lot of data. Is Mint Mobile worth it? As an MVNO, Mint Mobile offers great value and could save you up to $600 a year on your cell phone bill. If saving money without sacrificing quality is important to you, …New message from: sakar-6524 (11Yellow Star) $30/Month Mint Mobile Wireless Plan | Unlimited Talk, Text & Data for 3-Months (3-in-1 GSM SIM Card) Visit the Mint Mobile Store 4.0 out of 5 stars 112 ratings | 18 answered questions Price: $90.00 + $34.56 Shipping & Import Fees Deposit to Indonesia Details Get three (3) months of unlimited talk ... Why We Picked It. The Samsung Galaxy A14 5G lets you hop aboard the latest 5G mobile networks without spending a ton of money. Its high-resolution, 6.6-inch screen provides smooth animations ...Google Pixel 3a is compatible with Mint Mobile GSM, Mint Mobile HSDPA and Mint Mobile LTE. To configure Mint Mobile APN settings with Google Pixel 3a follow below steps. ... GSM / CDMA / HSPA / EVDO / LTE: Speed : HSPA 42.2/5.76 Mbps, LTE-A (3CA) Cat11 600/75 Mbps: Network frequencies :Mint Mobile is compatible with unlocked GSM devices, which means you can bring your own device or purchase one directly from them. It's important to note that Mint Mobile does not support CDMA devices, so if you have a CDMA-only phone, you won't be able to use it with their service.Samsung Galaxy S22+ 5G (Dual SIM model only) supports Mint Mobile 2G on GSM 1900 MHz. Mint Mobile 3G APN with Samsung Galaxy S22+ 5G. ... GSM / CDMA / HSPA / EVDO / LTE / 5G: Speed : HSPA 42.2/5.76 Mbps, LTE-A (CA), 5G: Network frequencies : GSM 850 / 900 / 1800 / 1900 - SIM 1 & SIM 2 (Dual SIM model only)As you can see in this bar chart, the vast majority of 4G LTE mobile data volume goes through mid-band spectrum. That would be the 1900MHz band 2 (B2) for AT&T; the 1900MHz B2 together with 1700MHz AWS bands B4 and B66 for Verizon; and pretty much the same combination of B2, B4 and B66 for T-Mobile. Those bands make the backbone of 4G LTE ...GSM Technology: Explained. The Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) is a cellular service technology used to transmit data and mobile voice services. GSM cell phones connect to GSM when they search for the nearest cells in the current surrounding area. GSM provides subscribers with the ability to easily roam worldwide and connect to ...Classic, yet contemporary. Enjoy all the perks of 4G like clear call quality and social media. Nokia 225 4G also features a premium performance keymat, a glossy high-end finish and a long-lasting battery. You've even got Facebook, Snake, try-and-buy games and a built-in camera.Aug 29, 2023 · Save $600/yr. Verizon & T-Mobile wireless networks. Twigby 8GB plan * Only $16/mo for First 3 Months. Unlimited mins Unlimited texts. 8GB 4G/5G data. $16 /mo* $26/mo. See Details. Save $618/yr. Verizon wireless network. How Mint compares to other low-cost carriers: —Unreal Mobile: $20, 3 GB of data, (and only works with GSM phones) —Cricket: $30, 2 GB of data. —Walmart Straight Talk: $35 monthly, 3 GB of ...Red Pocket Mobile offers calling plans on every major network in the U.S. Our plans work with nearly any phone! Even certain phones locked to the Verizon Wireless, T-Mobile, or AT&T network may work with one of our plans. For the most seamless activation experience and to ensure compatibility, Red Pocket Mobile recommends using a GSM unlocked ...Mint only works on GSM / UMTS Network Mode When I set the APN settings to global or …GSM network carriers on T-Mobile Mint Mobile. For a one of a kind low-cost carrier, Mint Mobile's got you covered. ... Find out more about both networks with GSM vs CDMA or you can check out the plans available with CDMA carriers. Today's best deals US Mobile Unltd phone plan $ $0 /mo. Twigby 2GB phone plan $ $5 /mo.

Samsung S21 5G (128GB) GSM/CDMA Unlocked Pre-Owned Smartphone - Gray. Samsung. 5 out of 5 stars with 1 ratings. 1. $399.99. When purchased online. Samsung Galaxy Z Flip3 5G Pre-Owned (128GB) GSM/CDMA Unlocked Smartphone. Samsung. $529.99. When purchased online. Add to cart. Samsung Galaxy S21 Ultra 5G Pre-Owned (128GB) GSM/CDMA Unlocked Smartphone.

GSM or CDMA? T-Mobile network uses GSM technology, which means that Mint Mobile focuses on GSM devices. However, since 2015 GSM and CDMA phones all use ...

T-Mobile network uses GSM technology, which means that Mint Mobile focuses on GSM devices. However, since 2015 GSM and CDMA phones all use SIM cards, which means that both types of technology may be used interchangeably on GSM and CDMA networks as long as the compatibility is confirmed.Best 5 offers last validated for October 12th, 2023. When you buy through links on RetailMeNot we may earn a commission. Promo. Code. Code. Free $15 Credit on 1st Renewal for New Customers. Added by atmath100332021. 35 uses today. Show Code.Consumer Cellular is powered by the nationwide network T-Mobile offering the same coverage without the expensive price tag. With an MVNO - Mobile Virtual Network Operator, you could save up to $600 a year on your cell phone bill, without sacrificing the features you love. Below you'll find further information to help decide if Consumer Cellular ...The unlimited plan from Mint Mobile offers premium wireless on the nation's largest 5G network. Get unlimited talk & text, free mobile hotspot, and more. ... If unlocked, it can be used on any service with compliant hardware (eg. some devices are GSM or CDMA only). I'm currently locked in a contract with my current provider. Can I buy it ...Mint Mobile does not use Verizon’s network. It uses T-Mobile ’s network. This is pretty good news for Mint customers. Even though T-Mobile’s network has worse rural coverage than Verizon’s, it has faster data speeds and a more powerful 5G network. ... Many older phones only operate on GSM or CDMA networks. If you use an older phone ...Global Services for Mobile communications, or GSM, is a telecommunications company that is used throughout Nigeria. GSM was introduced to the Nigerian market in 2001, when it replaced the company NITEL.But you can use your phone’s settings to figure out whether it’s GSM or CDMA. How to check whether your phone is GSM or CDMA using settings: On an iPhone: Go to the Settings app, click on General and then About, and look for an MEID, ESN, or IMEI number near the bottom of the menu. On an Android device: Go to Settings, click on System and ...FreeUP Mobile. Metro by T-Mobile. Mint Mobile. Red Pocket. Straight Talk. Tello. TextNow. Tracfone. Ultra Mobile. US Mobile. Good2Go Mobile. Reach Mobile. Lycamobile. Kroger Wireless. Boost Infinite. WOW! Mobile. Gotalk Wireless. GSM network carriers on T-Mobile Mint Mobile. For a one of a kind low-cost carrier, Mint Mobile's got you covered.

zillow anaconda mtsouthern wisconsin second chance lotprime fish meat arkmaryland workday login Mint mobile gsm or cdma inn at spanish head live camera [email protected] & Mobile Support 1-888-750-8037 Domestic Sales 1-800-221-7290 International Sales 1-800-241-3761 Packages 1-800-800-5153 Representatives 1-800-323-4235 Assistance 1-404-209-9054. Telecommunication. Global System for Mobile Communication aka GSM is defined as the digital network aiding mobile connectivity. The GSM network is used by people from different parts of the world and Europe, on a whole. Of the three variants, GSM, TDMA and CDMA, the former stands as the most popularly used network.. oaks derby double T-Mobile is a GSM network carrier and works with GSM cell phones. GSM - which stands for Global System for Mobile Communications - is one of two types of wireless frequencies used for cell phone service. CDMA and GSM provide 3G service to fill in the gaps when your 4G signal drops. Cell phone technology has evolved to allow most smartphones to ...T-Mobile AT&T Simple Mobile CTExcel LycaMobile Straight Talk Verizon Metro Mint Mobile Cricket More... ZTE nubia Red Magic 8 Pro APN settings & network compatibility in United States Dec 9, 2022 , Updated: Sep 1, 2023 ZTE nubia Red Magic 8 Pro verizon coverage map wisconsinkholusian miscellany ffxiv Motorola Moto G Stylus (2022) Android smartphone. Announced Feb 2022. Features 6.8″ display, Helio G88 chipset, 5000 mAh battery, 128 GB storage, 6 GB RAM. got busted newspaper mobile alosrs bone voyage guide New Customers Can Take an Extra 30% off. There are a wide variety of options. Mint Mobile is a great fit for the best Android phones thanks to T-Mobile's fast and compatible 5G network. Mint Mobile works with the latest phones from Google, Samsung, and even OnePlus.Device brand. # of frequency bands. Release Date . ZTE Nubia Z50 5G Premium Edition Dual SIM TD-LTE CN 256GB NX711J. ZTE. 35. December 2023. ZTE Nubia Z50 5G Top Edition Dual SIM TD-LTE CN 1TB NX711J. ZTE.Feb 10, 2022 · Why choose GSM vs CDMA? Considering where technology is headed, when it comes to GSM vs CDMA, GSM is the clear choice when choosing a wireless carrier. If you’re using a Big Wireless carrier, you’re already paying more than enough for phone service… you shouldn’t have to spend valuable time asking your carrier’s permission whenever ...